P4 Training Program

Rolls and Break Falls P4 -Training Syllabus

Break fall backwards from height. Jump lightly upwards and back, break fall, hit with the arms before the body hits…

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Break fall backwards from height. Jump lightly upwards and back, break fall, hit with the arms before the body hits. Arms are spread out relatively high. More or less, upper chest, shoulder height. Both legs are high because of that type of simulation. Falling backwards from a chair simulates also how to break fall backwards height. The moment you start the fall, contract your upper abdominal muscles so your body and a head will not hit the ground but at a later stage.

How to break fall sideways from a chair. The idea is that you fall sideways. Before hitting the ground with your body, hit with your arm. The level of the strike is more or less at the level of your upper chest, maybe even shoulder. Continue as needed according to the situation, according to the simulation that you are doing. The same thing can be if you fall sideways from a big ball like this. Roll forward, and staying on the ground, break falling with the legs. The idea is you cannot raise up after the roll, so you must end the roll on the ground. Start the roll like a regular roll forward, then open the legs so you do not make the figure fall. One leg will hit the ground on the side, the higher leg will either hit the ground with the sole of the foot, the shoe, or will hit the wall if you are rolling towards a wall.

The needs for this drill is, naturally, if you cannot get up because there’s an opponent in front of you or some obstacle, such a wall, in front of you. When rolling towards a person who is considered an enemy, naturally, you should make counterattacks and leave the area as soon as possible and function in this sort of confrontation.

A. Rolls and Break-Falls

  1. Break-fall backward and sideways - from height.
  2. Forward roll and remain on the ground

Notes: For adults, this subject may be considered to be tested in full at higher levels (until G1).

B. Kicks

  1. Regular (vertical) kick backward - to three main distances
  2. Regular scissors kick

C. Defenses Against Low Straight Punches

  1. Inside defense - with forearm; emphasis on elbow movement
  2. Outside scooping defense

Notes: Use either the forward or rear hand and counterattack as soon as possible.

D. Inside Forearm Defenses Against Punches – Raised Elbow, Low Palm
Attacker approaches diagonally from the side

  1. Medium height - defense (from passive stance) against a straight punch to the ribs
  2. High - against a straight punch towards the head or chest, elbow circles inward

Notes: The first counterattack is an outward horizontal hammer strike with the defending hand.

E. Defenses Against Straight Punch Combination - Left/Right

  1. Two inside defenses with the palms and counterattack
  2. Hand defenses while leaning back, kicking with the front leg (regular or side kick)

http://maxkravmaga.kinsta.com/video/defenses-against-straight-punch-combination-leftright-p4-training-syllabus-p4/

F. Defenses Against Punch Combinations (Outside and Inside Defenses)

  1. Defending against any combination of two punches - one straight and one circular
    1. Two defenses with one hand
    2. Two defenses with two hands
  2. Defending against any combination of two circular
    punches

Notes: Counterattack as early as possible.

G. Releases from Chokes

  1. Choke from the front - body turn and upper arm release (wiping face)
  2. Choke from behind- body turn and upper arm release (brought to temple)
  3. Against a Hand Covering Mouth - defender's is caught from behind

Note: Techniques nos. 1 and 2 above are especially effective when assailant is pushing.

H. Releases from Bear Hugs - Arms Free

  1. Release from bear hug from the front – Push to nose or eyes.
  2. Release from bear hug from behind:
    1. Elbow strikes to head
    2. With lock on finger

I. Releases from Bear Hugs - Arms Caught

  1. Release from bear hug from the front – counterattack and take hand out.
  2. Release from bear hug from behind - counterattack and take hand out.
    1. When bear hug is high, counter & escape under arms.

Notes: Train on the use of a shout and a bite against a bear hug from the front.

J. Releases from Bear Hugs from the Side - Variations on the Above Sections H & I

  1. Release from bear hugs whether arm/s caught or free – attacker grabs from the side. Use learnt techniques and principles

K. Dealing with Attempts to Grab and with Dangerous Arm / Wrist Grabs

  1. Prevention: removing the target; defending the target
  2. Attacker grabs and pulls/drags – advance and apply relevant counter attacks
  3. Attacker grabs and attacks with strikes or other ways – relevant defenses and counterattacks

L. Releases from Various Hand / Wrist Grabs

  1. One hand grabbing one hand (low), diagonally or across - Low hold (underhand)
  2. One hand grabbing one hand (high), diagonally or across - High hold (overhand)
  3. Two hands grabbing one hand, low or high holds - two kinds of assistance:
    1. Assist by grabbing fist of caught hand
    2. Assist by removing one grabbing hand
  4. Two hands grabbing two hands, low or high hold
  5. Two hands grabbing two hands, from behind
  6. Release from a strong handshake

Note: Be familiar with the application of the principles: axis and leverage (not pulling); escaping by way of an opening or towards the thumb; circular movements; and using the other hand for assistance.

M. Against Stick Attacks - Defending Overhead and Side Swings

  1. Against one hand overhead attack - Stabbing defense to the live side
  2. Against two hands overhead attack (or attacker is off center)
  3. Horizontal (baseball) Swings –
    1. From passive stance - Front hand down and the back hand up.
    2. From ready stance – Defend with two forearms, positioned high

N. Fighting Games - 4 Against 1

  1. Against straight punches; Against a regular kick and a straight punch

P. Returning Attacker

  1. Following the defender's technique, the attacker returns with a relevant attack, with/out a weapon

Q. Fighting Skills (defend -- attack -- defend)

  1. Emphasizing on changes of distance
  2. Using the principles of:
    1. Bursting forward and circling after
    2. Circling around and bursting forward
  3. Determination drills
    1. Attacker – Disturber – Target
    2. Attacker – Target – Holder (from behind)
  4. Slow fighting
  5. Light fighting with minimal protective gear (light contact)

R. Simulation and Tactics – P4 – Two attackers approaching from different directions

  1. 2 Vs. 1 - Bear Hug (later a Headlock) from Behind and a Second Attack from the Front Description: A trap made by two attackers. One approaches from behind, the other from the front.

Responding to Opponent's Response

  • Trainee attacks with front kick to the groin and opponent retreats in various directions. Trainee continues with sliding and/or kicking.
  • As in no. 1 above, but the opponent can move diagonally or straight forward. Trainee may use short-range kicks and/or attacks with the hands.

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